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RESEARCH:

Drowning: The Exit Problem

UNIVERSITY OR ORGANISATION: Human Kinetics Inc

 

SUBJECT: Aquatic Education, Competence and Swimming
TYPE: Discussion Paper
DATE: 2014


“The Exit Problem” proposes that an unknown percentage of swimmers who die by drowning do so because they swam to where they think they are safe and they find themselves unable to exit the water, as opposed to drowning because they are unable to swim to safety. Forced to remain in the water, they eventually are swept away by currents as they become fatigued, trapped by underwater objects, bashed against rocks, trapped in mud, or they eventually succumb to cold shock and lose their grip as they are holding on to something. This paper suggests a number of solutions such as use of lights at ladders and other exit places and placement of hanging knotted ropes or grab chains at locations with steep sides.

 

COUNTRY

Ireland

AUTHORS

John Connolly

JOURNAL / PUBLICATION

International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education

RESPONDENTS

UK

Ireland

Australia

USA

ACTIVITY

Swimming

ENVIRONMENT

Ocean

Rivers

Lakes

AGE

All ages

GENDER

N/A

ETHNICITY

White / Irish

 

 
 

 

 

 

We are leading the development of customised insights that help explain New Zealand’s drowning problem, and shape interventions for safe play across our waterways.
For information contact the Head of Data, Research and Insights on wsnz@watersafety.org.nz

 
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