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RESEARCH:

Can You Swim in Waves? Children’s Swimming, Floating, and Entry Skills in Calm and Simulated Unsteady Water Conditions

UNIVERSITY OR ORGANISATION: Human Kinetics Inc

 

SUBJECT: Aquatic Education, Competence and Swimming
TYPE: Experimental Study
DATE: 2013


Little is known about the transfer of swimming skills from indoor, flat, calm conditions to outdoor, wavy, unsteady conditions. The aim of the current study was to examine the differences in swimming, floating, and entry skills in children between calm and simulated open water conditions. The results show an 8% decrement in performance on the 200 m swim between calm and unsteady conditions for those who completed the 200 m under both conditions. When weaker swimmers, who only completed 50 m of the 200 m test distance were tested, the performance decrement rose to 14%. The diving entry, the rolling entry, and the floating test had decrements of 16%, 21%, and 24%, respectively. We concluded that 11-year- olds should not be expected to reproduce swimming skills they have performed in calm water with the same proficiency in unsteady conditions during an emergency.

 

COUNTRY

Norway

AUTHORS

Per-Ludvik Kjendlie

Tommy Pedersen

Trine Thoresen

Trond Setlo

Kevin Moran

Robert Keig Stallman

JOURNAL / PUBLICATION

International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education

RESPONDENTS

66 children

11 year olds

Norway

ACTIVITY

Swimming

Swimming lessons

ENVIRONMENT

Ocean

Beaches

Private swimming pools

Public swimming pools

AGE

11

GENDER

Male
Female

ETHNICITY

Norwegian

 

 
 

 

 

 

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